Possible Fact Checks for Truth-O-Meter

  

Playing Tackle Football Before 12 Is Tied to Brain Problems Later

Studies show that athletes who have played tackle football before the age of 12 have had more behavioral and cognitive problems later in life, rather than those who have started after the age of 12. This article was something that interested me because all of the boys in my family including dad have played football their whole lives, so it was interesting reading the research that was done on this topic. This article was found on “The New York Times” website, the results found were done by researchers at Boston University.

Image result for tackle football 

Coffee drinkers live longer, healthier lives, new studies says

Coffee drinkers live longer, according to two large-scale studies. It was found that drinking coffee reduces the risk of various diseases among people from several ethnicities, and this effect was seen in drinkers of regular or decaffeinated coffee. And the more coffee consumed, the greater the benefit. “These are observational studies, not controlled clinical trials. “ This topic interests me because I drink coffee at least once a day but, the fact that so far it is only observational studies I feel as though it will be hard to fast track it.

Image result for coffee

 

Recent Studies Show Backpacks Affect the Spine in Adolescents

Accord to “Spine Journal” over 60% of kids aged 6-19 have reported that using a backpack daily has caused them back pain. Another study from SPINE volume 35 found that the weight of the backpack really affects the back pain in children. I find this interesting because we use a backpack every single day. I have used a backpack in elementary school, middle school, high school, and I still use it in college. According to this study kids carrying loads with book, folders, and other school supplies caused compression of spinal disks in the lower spine. CHildren had to adjust their posture to carry the weight comfortably.

Image result for kids with heavy backpacks

 

 

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Draft #3

Studies show that athletes who have played tackle football before the age of 12 have had more behavioral and cognitive problems later in life, rather than those who have started after the age of 12. This article was found on “The New York Times” website, the results found were done by researchers at Boston University. There is a link directly on this article that brings me to more information about the search that was done. I started going upstream by going to this link. 

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-09/buso-ssl091417.php

Athletes who began playing tackle football before the age of 12 had more behavioral and cognitive problems later in life than those who started playing after they turned 12.CreditKike Calvo/Associated Press for National Football League 

This new link shows that the Boston University’s Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) Center studied 214 former American football players, including 43 who played only through high school and 103 who played only through college. Participants received telephone-administered cognitive tests, completed online measures of depression, behavioral regulation, apathy and executive functioning (initiating activity, problem-solving, planning and organization). Results from players who started playing tackle football before the age of 12 were compared against those of participants who started playing at age 12 or later. This piece goes more into depth about what was done within the research

“The brain is going through this incredible time of growth between the years of 10 and 12, and if you subject that developing brain to repetitive head impacts, it may cause problems later in life,”( Robert Stern). Robert Stern being one of the authors of this study. I searched Robert Stern to make sure that he was a reliable source. I have already gone upstream and it that process I found out about Robert Stern. Not knowing much about him I started to read laterally to find out more information on him to make sure he was a credible source.

https://www.bu.edu/alzresearch/about-us/team/faculty/stern/

When researching Stern it says that he is a professor of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Anatomy and Neurobiology at Boston University (BU) School of Medicine, which makes sense within this article.

The study is consistent with earlier research by Stern and others that looked specifically into retired football players. That research found that retired football players who started playing before 12 years old had diminished mental flexibility compared to those who began playing tackle football at 12 or older. Many scientists say that because the human brain develop rapidly at young ages, mostly between the ages of 10 and 12, therefore they should not play tackle football until their teenage years.

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/29/sports/football/study-points-to-cognitive-dangers-of-tackle-football-before-age-12.html?mcubz=3&_r=0

The link above is more research that Stern has done. I read more laterally into things and found more research that Stern has done. “Being hit in the head repeatedly through tackle football during a critical time in brain development may be associated with later-life cognitive difficulties,” (Stern) All of his research that I have found has linked together and made sense. While fact checking I haven’t seen different research or results done by him, it is all consistent work, which makes me believe that research that he has done.

“The take-home message is, the earlier you start, the more issues you may have.” (Stern) All of his statements, found on different sites all add up. They are never conflicting each other which makes me believe what he is saying. There are also of different sources the talk about Sterns research.

 

There was a separate study don’t by researches also from Boston University. I started by going upstream and going to the link below. 

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/07/25/sports/football/nfl-cte.html?mcubz=3

Going up stream I learned about Dr Ann McKee. Not knowing much about her I had to read laterally and find out more information on her. McKee a neuropathologist, has examined the brains of 202 deceased football players. Out of the 202 players, 111 of them played in the NFL. 110 were found to have C.T.E a disease that is linked to repeated blows to the head.

 

http://www.bu.edu/cte/about/leadership/ann-mckee-md/

The link above is background information on Dr Ann McKee. I searched Dr Ann McKee to make sure that she was a legit person, so that I can trust her research. The link provides information about her, research that she has done, and publications of her own. All of which add up. Dr. McKee was a past recipient of the Moore Award and a recent recipient of the 2006 and 2009 Moore Award Honorable Mention from the American Association of Neuropathologists.  She is also a recipient of a Merit Award from the Department of Veterans Affairs. She has many publications all of which are listed on this website about her.

 

Trying to take a step in the right direction Pop Warner, the largest youth football organization in the country will ban kickoffs in games starting this fall, in hope to reduce the risk of head blows that occur during kickoff that then lead to concussions. I had to go upstream and  went to NFL.comhttp://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000648647/article/new-touchback-rule-another-step-toward-eliminating-kickoffs to seek some more information about this. Once on their website I read laterally to find information on this topic. Finding that the owners voted during the NFL Annual Meeting to move touchbacks to the 25 yard line hoping that it will discourage return. This rule was approved only as a one year experiment  

“Five years ago, the kickoff was moved from the 30 to the 35-yard line, to produce more touchbacks because the high-speed collisions that are part of kickoff returns make them among the most dangerous plays in the game. The league got what it wanted. In 2010, before the rule was changed, teams returned 80.1 percent of all kickoffs. The number dropped to 53.5 percent in the 2011 season and has steadily declined ever since. Last season, 41.1 percent of kickoffs were returned.” (NFL.com) This passage from ten website just goes to show that brain injuries have been a problem so they have been working on moving the kickoff to decrease that initial impact. But, four out of 10 kickoffs are still being returned, that is still a good amount opportunity for serious injuries. So the Competition Committee came up with the idea of putting the receiving team that takes a touchback on the 25-yard line, instead of the 20. All of this information was from NFL.com, therefore the information gathered from the article matches up to what i’m getting from this website.

After reading this article and going through each source I do believe that this is true. I searched Each researcher mentioned in this piece and they all are credible people. I could see prior work, where they went to school etc etc. I went to different links about the same topic to see if the information added up, which it did. Also going to the NFL’s website to see any mentioning of this topic and there was. Also on their website was many other links attached to this issues and real stories that went with it. Seeing all of this information made me believe that this article was true.

DRAFT #2 FOOTBALL

Studies show that athletes who have played tackle football before the age of 12 have had more behavioral and cognitive problems later in life, rather than those who have started after the age of 12. These results were done by researchers at Boston University. There is a link directly on this article that brings me to more information about the search that was done.

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-09/buso-ssl091417.php

This new link shows that the Boston University’s Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) Center studied 214 former American football players, including 43 who played only through high school and 103 who played only through college. Participants received telephone-administered cognitive tests, completed online measures of depression, behavioral regulation, apathy and executive functioning (initiating activity, problem-solving, planning and organization). Results from players who started playing tackle football before the age of 12 were compared against those of participants who started playing at age 12 or later. This piece goes more into depth about what was done within the research

“The brain is going through this incredible time of growth between the years of 10 and 12, and if you subject that developing brain to repetitive head impacts, it may cause problems later in life,” Robert Stern. Robert Stern being one of the authors of this study. I searched Robert Stern to make sure that he was a reliable source.

https://www.bu.edu/alzresearch/about-us/team/faculty/stern/

When researching him it says that he is a professor of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Anatomy and Neurobiology at Boston University (BU) School of Medicine, which makes sense within this article.

The study is consistent with earlier research by Stern and others that looked specifically into retired football players. That research found that retired football players who started playing before 12 years old had diminished mental flexibility compared to those who began playing tackle football at 12 or older. Many scientists say that because the human brain develop rapidly at young ages, mostly between the ages of 10 and 12, therefore they should not play tackle football until their teenage years.

Another link that I found was more findings by Stern on this topic.

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/29/sports/football/study-points-to-cognitive-dangers-of-tackle-football-before-age-12.html?mcubz=3&_r=0

The link above is more research that Stern has done. “Being hit in the head repeatedly through tackle football during a critical time in brain development may be associated with later-life cognitive difficulties,” (Stern) All of his research that I have found has linked together and made sense. While fact checking I haven’t seen different research or results done by him, it is all consistent work, which makes me believe that research that he has done.

“The take-home message is, the earlier you start, the more issues you may have.” (Stern) All of his statements, found on different sites all add up. They are never conflicting each other which makes me believe what he is saying. There are also of different sources the talk about Sterns research.

There was a separate study don’t by researches also from Boston University.

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/07/25/sports/football/nfl-cte.html?mcubz=3

Dr Ann McKee, a neuropathologist, has examined the brains of 202 deceased football players. Out of the 202 players, 111 of them played in the NFL. 110 were found to have C.T.E a disease that is linked to repeated blows to the head.

http://www.bu.edu/cte/about/leadership/ann-mckee-md/

The link above is background information on Dr Ann McKee. I searched Dr Ann McKee to make sure that she was a legit person, so that I can trust her research. The link provides information about her, research that she has done, and publications of her own. All of which add up.

Playing Tackle Football Before the age of 12 is Tied to Brain Problems Later (DRAFT)

 

Studies show that athletes who have played tackle football before the age of 12 have had more behavioral and cognitive problems later in life, rather than those who have started after the age of 12. These results were done by researchers at Boston University. There is a link directly on this article that brings me to more information about the search that was done. This new link shows that the Boston University’s Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) Center studied 214 former American football players, including 43 who played only through high school and 103 who played only through college. Participants received telephone-administered cognitive tests, completed online measures of depression, behavioral regulation, apathy and executive functioning (initiating activity, problem-solving, planning and organization). Results from players who started playing tackle football before the age of 12 were compared against those of participants who started playing at age 12 or later. This piece goes more into depth about what was done within the research

“The brain is going through this incredible time of growth between the years of 10 and 12, and if you subject that developing brain to repetitive head impacts, it may cause problems later in life,” Robert Stern. Robert Stern being one of the authors of this study. I searched Robert Stern to make sure that he was a reliable source. When researching him it says that he is a professor of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Anatomy and Neurobiology at Boston University (BU) School of Medicine, which makes sense within this article.

The study is consistent with earlier research by Stern and others that looked specifically into retired football players. That research found that retired football players who started playing before 12 years old had diminished mental flexibility compared to those who began playing tackle football at 12 or older. Many scientists say that because the human brain develop rapidly at young ages, mostly between the ages of 10 and 12, therefore they should not play tackle football until their teenage years.

Autism, the truth behind it.

““Most Autism Cases Can Be Explained by Faulty Genes, New Research Confirms”

 

Mike Mcrae talks about fresh research that has confirmed what many thought, autism is primarily in the genes. Other studies have shown ASD (autism spectrum disorder) tends to cluster in families and is associated with particular genes. There is new research out saying that 83 % of autism cases are inherited.

A study led by researchers from Ichan School of Medicine in New York reanalysed a study that involved over 2.6 million pairs of siblings, 37,570 pairs of twins, and just under a million half sibling pairs.

Image result for autism pictures

http://icahn.mssm.edu/research/seaver

 

The Link attached above is the website of the original research done by the researchers from Ichan School of Medicine. That was the first thing that I checked, to make sure that the research was valid.

Another study published in 2011 conducted by researchers from Stanford University in California put the chances of genetic heritability at about 38% for ASD. I found the study that was published in 2011 to check the facts that were given.

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21727249

 

This article states a lot of facts to backup what they are trying to prove in this piece. All of the information was backed up by previous research which really helps you trust what you are reading.

 

Image result for genes

Fact Check #2 Naval Hospital Nurse

Naval hospital removes employees after disturbing photos with newborns go viral” Jacksonvillie Fla Hospital employees have been removed from their positions at the hospital due to photos with newborns that went viral on Monday. As soon as the photos were seen they went viral with over 100,000 shares on Facebook from outraged people. The photos that caused this it outrage were from an employees snapchat account, The photos included a snapshot of the employee giving the middle finger to a newborn saying “How I currently feel about these mini Satans” Employees also holding these newborns in the air and making them “dance” to rap music.

This article really struck my attention because I was one of those 100,00 shares. This story was one of the first stories on my Facebook feed. The current article about this incident in on ABC News which is a reliable source.

http://www.firstcoastnews.com/news/local/naval-hospital-removes-employees-after-disturbing-photos-with-newborns-go-viral/476839813

Next I wanted to check the actual Facebook source to see if this content really did go viral and if it still is going viral.

Also – Naval Hospital Jacksonvilllie posted a statement on Facebook about this event.

Naval Hospital Jacksonville
10 hours ago
“Naval Hospital Jacksonville’s Commanding Officer sends: We are aware of a video / photo posted online. It’s outrageous, unacceptable, incredibly unprofessional, and cannot be tolerated. We have identified the staff members involved. They have been removed from patient care and they will be handled by the legal system and military justice. We’re in the process of notifying the patient’s parents.”

https://www.facebook.com/pg/NavalHospitalJacksonville/videos/?ref=page_internal
These are some of the snapchats that were sent out.

Image result for naval hospital jacksonville snapchat
10 hours ago

“In the disturbing photo a grinning nurse can be seen holding the newborn by the armpits in an attempt to make it look like they are dancing.”

It’s believed that she has now been removed from her position at the Naval Hospital Jacksonville – a hospital for America’s ‘heroes and their families’ –

According to local news , the whistleblower said: “The first pic is her friend who is making the baby dance and she’s playing rap music in the background.

“I’m LIVID and I’m snitching bc she should get fired from her job but idk how to go about it.”

The sick post has sparked furious backlash from hundreds of angry people (Image: Facebook)